boka kotorska bay

General Information About Boka Kotorska bay

 
Boka bay, the bride of the Adriatic ...


Whoever visit Boka he or she experience it on a special individual way. No matter whether we are talking about artists, scientists, businessmen or tourists, Boka performs strong impression on all human senses. Boka is a place where various differences meet up and mix up by creating an entirely special ambiance. Contrasts are replicated in nature where in one part of the bay one can see steep rocky mountains rising upon the calm sea surface, while on the other part flourish real botanical gardens. Contrasts are also emphasized in the cultural-historic heritage where two civilizations of east and of west meet upon each other in a special harmony. Prehistoric age, Iliric age, Roman - Byzantine age, renaissance, baroque, gothic styles all that is melted together and blended with the modern life, showing that the real valuables last forever together in harmony.

Total surface of the bay: 87.3 km2 , volume: 2.4 x 106 km3 , maximal depth: 60 m, average depth: 27.3 m, water salinity: 28%, total length of the coast: 105.7 km. The bay of Boka Kotorska penetrates 28 km deep into the land area.

Boka is bejeweled by seven islands; Mamula, Sv. Marko, Gospa od Skrpjela, Sv. Djordje, Milosrdja, Ostrvo Cvijeca and Mala Gospa. Along the whole coast of Boka there is a chain of small towns and settlements all of which has its own story.

From the south-eastern side the bay is surrounded by the karst massif of mountain Lovcen (1749 m). From the north-west side by the karst massif of mountains Orjen (1895 m), Radostak (1446 m) and Dobrostica (1570 m). Between above two massifs just above Perast spreads karst massif Kason (873 m).

Peninsula Lustica is located on the south eastern side of the entrance to the bay, while the Vitaljina peninsula is located on the north-western part. The two peninsulas are separated by the channel Ostro. In the inner part of the bay there are two more peninsulas Vrmac and Devesilje separated by the strait Verige. Strait Verige divides Boka Kotorska bay on two frontal bays: bay of Herceg Novi (former bay of Topla) and bay of Tivat; and two internal bays: bay of Risan and bay of Kotor.

The region of Boka Kotorska, observed as a geomorphological and geovegetational entity is enormously wealthy in nature with special characteristics creating quite unusual contrasts in the relief, vegetation and stone structures.

Located between the Adriatic Sea and the vide limestone area the region of Boka Kotorska is under a strong influence of Mediterranean and Mountain climate. That special climate blend creates a distinguished Sub-Mediterranean climate quite different from other part of Montenegrin coast. Unique feature for Boka is the early spring when all surrounding mountains are still covered with snow while the coast flourishes with Mediterranean trees and flowers in blossom. During the winter one can enjoy the pleasant sun and calm weather on the coast while to the mountains and snow takes just 1 hour of slow drive. Summer season in Boka is pleasant with a little bit more rain especially in the internal area, than in other parts of the Montenegrin coast, which is on the other hand reflected in dense vegetation. The most of the rain in Boka falls in the late autmn and partly during winter. Along the whole coast line of the bay exist the rich distribution of Mediterranean, continental and exotic vegetation such as laurels, palms, olive-trees, orange and lemon trees, pomegranate trees, agaves, camellias, mimosas… This is just one part of Boka’s wealthy flora.

Interesting stories about Boka Kotorska bay you can find on bestofboka.com.

Seacoast

The desire to rest at the seaside begins with the question: «And how is it - the sea?». Rest in Montenegro is always associated with the warm Adriatic Sea. The surrounding picturesque mountains with lush vegetation are particularly attractive for the development of tourism in Montenegro. And the coastal resorts of famous Budva Riviera, the attractive Bar Riviera and the huge Bay of Kotor are favorite vacation spots in Montenegro for tourists from many countries.

About two thousand years ago, a port named Adria was built in a convenient delta of two rivers. The same name was given to the northern part of the sea, and subsequently the entire Adriatic Sea. Time has played a cruel joke with the port: the river Po boiling during the high water and the same Adze have inflicted so much sand and mud that now the «port» has left the sea at a distance of more than twenty kilometers (12,4 mi) inland.

The Adriatic Sea is also called semi-enclosed, as it has a strait in the southern part of the Ionian Sea, and then - the Mediterranean Sea. The Strait of Gibraltar connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, combining with a common water area called the World Ocean. Floating in the warm Adriatic Sea, you can say with confidence: «I swam in the waters of the oceans».

The Adriatic Sea is surrounded by the territories of six coastal countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Italy, Croatia, Montenegro. Ferry Bar - Bari connects Montenegro with Italy, providing an opportunity to take a tour of the neighboring warm country.

The waters of the Adriatic Sea, with minor tides, occupy 144,000 sq. km (55598,7 sq.mi) with a depth of 20 meters (65,6ft) in the northern waters and over 1200 meters (3937ft) in the southern and eastern. The Adriatic climate having many signs of the Mediterranean, differs in some features inherent in the unique natural area of Montenegro. The local Adriatic winds — a cool boron with clouds on the tops of mountains, blowing from the mountains and carrying freshness — a mistral that has passed through the Mediterranean Sea — a moist, warm, sirocco — have a distinctive effect on air temperature and humidity.

Sea water at a salinity of 35-38 ppm, warms up to +24 +26 degrees in the middle of summer (August) and cools down to +7 +13 degrees in winter (February). On the Montenegrin coast, the average temperature of the water in the sea during the winter months remains higher. Many swim year-round, but mostly winter tourism in Montenegro moves to the ski resorts Zabljak, Kolasin, Bosach and others.

Beaches

The feeling of the sea is inextricably connected with the presence of a nice beach: pebble, rocky, shell, artificial concrete, sandy - in Montenegro there are beaches for every look and taste. In Montenegro, small pebble beaches predominate. Formed from crushed rock, for millennia, polished with waves and ebb-tides, taking a round-plane form of various sizes, sometimes similar to fantastic figures. A distinctive advantage of pebble beaches is the purity and transparency of coastal waters. That allows you to see the seabed with its magical paintings. Or, wearing a mask, plunge into fabulous underwater world with its unearthly colors and extremely beautiful underwater inhabitants.

The sandy beaches, which are loved by many tourists, differ from each other in color, which means the composition of the sand. White pure quartz sand creates a festive atmosphere and health. In the presence of impurities of other minerals in the sand, it acquires a different shade or color: yellow, reddish, greenish, blue or blue, and even black. Black sands of a dark shade and magnetic sands of a bluish-greenish shade of a volcanic origin, washed up by the sea for thousands of years. Getting to such kind of a beach, one gets the first impression of being on Mars or Jupiter, and aliens live here somewhere.

In Montenegro, such sands with unique healing energy are rich in beaches near the city of Ulcinj. Soaking up on such sands, swimming in the azure waters of the warm Adriatic Sea and breathing in the mountain-sea air filled with the scent of lush greenery, you feel a surge of strength, positive emotions and energy that contribute to the revival of health and youth.

Washed on both sides by fresh river water, and on the third side with warm salty sea water, the Montenegrin island of Ada on the Bojana River, has an attractive sea beach Ada-Bojana of gentle fine sand, flowing smoothly into the azure waters of the warm Adriatic Sea, up to three kilometers. This centuries-old quartz sand with soft radioactive background, obtained from shell rock and corals, as well as local healing mud, thanks to biologically active substances, have amazing properties of infertility treatment, help in healing joints and the entire musculoskeletal system.

Beaches in Boka Kotorska bay, or nearby

Most Boka Kotorska beaches are covered with loungers and umbrellas for hire. This goes against the grain for those of us who are not used to the European habit of paying to use a beach. But you can still use these beaches for free. Each beach must have at least 30% kept clear and free to use.[br][br]Most beaches have their own bar or restaurant on site. So you will be able to get drinks, snacks and full meals.[br]The water temperature in July and August hovers around 26 degrees Celsius, but can be as warm as 28.[br][br]The Blue Flag is an organisation that awards beaches around the world Blue Flag status when they pass certain environmental, safety-related and access-related standards. This means that the water is clean, the facilities are good and the accessibility is good. These are Boka Kotorska Blue Flag beaches: Club Hotel Riviera (Njivice), Cuba Libre (Žanjic, Luštica Peninsula), Porto (Žanjic, Luštica Peninsula), Dobreč (Luštica Peninsula), Hotel Perla (Savina), Kalardovo, Blue Horizons (Luštica Peninsula), Almara Beach Club, (Oblatno, Luštica Peninsula), Solila (Movida Beach Club, Luštica Peninsula).

Žanjice

Zanjice Beach is at the tip end of Lustica and it's one of Lustica peninsula's most popular beaches. Throughout the summer months, boats full of tourists come here from Herceg Novi. It's much faster to get there by boat from Herceg Novi than by driving around the bay, which takes around 1 1/2 - 2 hours. Zanjice has restaurants and cafes and the beach is shallow and pebbly. There's an upmarket restaurant with sun loungers called Ribarsko Selo, but there are also ordinary restaurants and ice cream stands.

Mud Beach Igalo

This is a long pebbly stretch of beach but under the water the bottom is sandy. It's very shallow so it's great for small kids - they can wade, dig, see fish and crabs. You can also hire pedal boats and there's a (very old and tired looking!) fair in summer. You should know that this a favourite spot with older Serbian tourists who've been coming here for 50 years. It's not unusual to see topless babas (grandmas) sunbathing here. This is Europe after all!

Kalardovo

On the road to the Island of Flowers, you'll find Kalardovo. The beach is small pebbles and sand and there's an onsite restaurant. They also have various activities like kayaks, stand up paddling and a big, inflatable slide.

Almara Beach

Oblatno is about 15 minutes from Tivat and is home to trendy Almara Beach. This is a favourite spot with yacht owners from Porto Montenegro in Tivat and you'll see them anchored off the beach. There's a shallow, sandy beach, loungers, a bar with a dj, restaurant and in-water loungers. This is the kind of place you can come to spend the day sipping cocktails and swimming and carry on the party into the night. But it's not just for adults. Lots of families come here too and your kids will love jumping off the floating pier, digging in the sand and exploring underwater.

Pržno

This is a blue flag beach about 15 minutes from Kotor or Tivat. It's called Plavi Horizonti in the local language. It's also sometimes called Przna or Przno in travel guides and this confuses people because there's a Przno in Budva. No one here calls it Przno, so you're best to stick with Blue Horizons. It's a large bay with a shallow, golden sand beach and it's ideal for small kiddies. You can hire little pedal boats, eat at the restaurant and bask in the warm waters all day long.

Mirište

Miriste Beach is a cove, a bit smaller than and right next to Zanjice Beach. There's an excellent restaurant right on the waterfront that serves classic Montenegrin seafood and meat dishes. At the tip of Miriste you'll find Arza fortress, one of two Austro-hungarian fortresses that protected the entrance to the Bay of Kotor. Although the fortress is now out of use and you can't get in, it's an interesting spot and if you're looking to get away from the crowds, you can head over here and find rock pools and more secluded spots.

Uvala Veslo

When arriving by car you'll park in the shade of ancient olive trees and then head down to the cliffs to the water. The cliffs are ideal for jumping off of into the water and the rocks often create warm rock pools for basking in. You'll want to bring snorkelling gear here and also watch out for sea urchins on the rocky bottom. It's not an ideal place for small children for that reason. Blue Horizons is a better spot for little kiddies. The camp has a little kiosk with refreshments, a toilets, showers and plenty of shade under olive trees for a picnic and games.

Dražin Vrt

Bajova Kula is an attractive beach and a favorite Kotoran excursion site. He was named after the legendary hero Bajo Pivljanin, who built the tower as a place to rest between the constant battles in which he participated.[br][br]It is on the way from Kotor to Perast. Beach is pebbly, 60 m long, with extremely clear and blue sea water.[br][br]In the hinterland dominated by the crown of a laurel tree, whose pleasant smell completes the atmosphere swimming and sunbathing. Within the beach there is a pier for small yachts.

Ploče

Ploče Beach features a cascade of concrete panels dotted with flowers, pools, and pebbly areas leading to the sea. Originally an inaccessible rocky descent in a picturesque location, the site is now famous, filled with sunbeds and restaurants and featuring beach parties and events. The approaches to the sea range from typical pebble beaches to swimming pool-like edges to docks. Spread out your towel and have a picnic, go for a swim, or enjoy a traditional meal at the site, overlooking the Adriatic Sea.

Mountains


Orjen

Orjen is a Dinaric Mediterranean limestone mountain range in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. At 1894 meter, Zubački kabao is the highest peak in the subadriatic Dinarides. The massif of Orjen lies to the northwest of Risan in the Boka Kotorska. From the town of Risan, situated at the innermost protected part of the bay, a well-engineered road, at first metaled, with many hairpin bends climbs to about 1600 meter, over to the interior.

At the main summit of Orjen and the surrounding ridges and high plateau the action of quaternary glaciation is evident. In Ice Age long valley glaciers receded from Orjen to the Boka Kotorska and surrounding poljes. Hollowing U-shaped valleys and cirques in their course. Glaciers also shaped jagged peaks and ridges. Glacial and karst type relief combine now in a unique coastal scenery. Elsewhere in the Mediterranean, few places show similar phenomena. The Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor is a UNESCO World Heritage site, comprising the territory between Orjen and Lovćen, including all the small towns in the bays of Risan and Kotor with their natural setting. With this privileged natural harbour the Boka Kotorska has been settled for millennia. Illyrians and Greeks colonized the coast from 400 BC and established today’s ports Risan (Rhizon) and Kotor (Cattaro).

Due to lack of potable water, the high mountain was never densely populated. Snow patches collected from deep pit holes were used even late in the 20th century to provide the few hamlets with water. Today, wells are used instead.

Lovćen

Lovćen mountain range is natural, historical, cultural ans spiritual symbol for all Montenegrins. On Lovćen is placed the mausoleum of the greatest son of the nation – Petar Petrovic II Njegoš, a poet, philosopher, prince-bishop and statesman from 19th century, a prominent member of old Montenegrin ruling family Petrović. Njegoš was born in the village of Njeguši below the Lovćen mountain.

Today, Njegoš is buried in a sarcophagus in a mausoleum on the top of Lovćen mountain. Domestic name of Montenegro country is Crna Gora which means Black Mountain. For Montenegrins the mountains means a strong symbol of honour, dignity and humanity. Because of Njegoš, Lovćen gives them special national identity.

Lovćen national park has a beautiful setting; from Lovćen, there is beautiful view of the Kotor Bay, the view of the open sea, of the Skadarsko Jezero lake, Cetinje, and even of the distant Prokletije mountain range. One of the most beautiful parts of the Lovćen national park is the resort Ivanova Korita (1261 meter), situated on the eastern slope of Jezerski Peak, in a valley covered with forests and meadows. This is a well-known vacation resort for children, which is open even during the winter. Above the resort, there is a ski slope, with the ski lift. Ivanova korita got its name after Ivan Crnojevic (former ruler of Montenegro).

Njegusi (880 meter – 940 meter ) is picturesque mountainous village, placed on Cetinje–Kotor road in Njegusko polje, a carstic field surrounded with mountains from all sides, except on western side where Krstac pass is situated (965 m), from where you can enjoy in best view to Boka Kotorska bay. Jezerski Peak (1.675 meter) is the second highest point of the national park; there is a mausoleum of the famous Montenegrin poet and ruler Petar II Petrovic Njegoš on the mountain top. Its foundations were built into six-meter-deep mountain rock. You can reach the Mausoleum by the road from Cetinje or Kotor by serpentines road. At the end of the road there is 461 steps leading to the monument. You can approach the mausoleum by road or by hiking paths. On 20th kilometer from Cetinje (via Ivanova Korita) you’ll reach the parking place. From here a 125 meter long tunnel with 461 steps (60 meters up) is digged through the massif of Jezerski vrh to its summit, where you’ll see the platform in front of Mausoleum. The Mausoleum is 37 meter long, 15,4 meter wide and 11 meter high. Behind the mausoleum you can reach a nice plateau which is wonderful viewpoint to the Boka Kotorska bay and surroundings.

History & Culture

Cultural events, historical battles and conquests of ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome shaped this area, known simply as Boka. This created precious cultural and historical monuments we have today, making Boka Bay a must see on any trip to Montenegro.

Kotor old town

Kotor old town is famous for its renaissance style architecture, picturesque narrow streets and cats relaxing on the pavements.
You can enter this Venetian old town through three gates - Sea gate, South (Gurdic) gate and the River gate, each built in different periods of the city history.
Whole town is intertwined with streets, small squares and interesting buildings such as Saint Tryphon’s Cathedral, the Clock Tower, the Pillar of Shame - the symbols of the city of Kotor.
An interesting fact is that Kotor is, besides Amsterdam, the only city in Europe with museum dedicated only to cats. Cats museum of Kotor is a true temple for the worshippers of these fluffy creatures.
The best option for exploring the city is taking one of the walking tours and enjoying the city vibe while learning about its rich history.

San Giovanni

The San Giovanni Fortress above Kotor is definitely the first thing that will catch your attention when you get close to the city. The fortress is dating back to medieval times, and it’s heavily marked by Byzantine and Venetian influence. The rocky path decorated with walls, gates and bastions will take you on a three hours hike from the old town to the 1200 meter fortress. The view from the walls of San Giovanni over the city and the Bay of Kotor is incredible! It’s definitely worth each of the almost 1350 stairs you’ll climb on your way up.

Fortresses

During the Austro-Hungarian rule, the Boka Bay was organized as a unique fortified complex. On the most strategic points in front of the bay, as well as on the hills above, there were built different kinds of forts used for the defense. Some of the first constructions were built around 1830 and were used until 1914. The Austro-Hungarian monarchy ruled until the World War I, and the Boka Bay was one of their three most important cluster fortresses.
Each of these forts had a strategic position and a special significance. They were built so that they could have a fast optical communication which, in the time of no telecommunication, was very important to have. The information to the farthest point traveled only 2-3 minutes. The range of artillery was such that they could cover everything around and not a single piece of land or the sea was left uncovered.
The whole fortification system was very well organized, with a water supply and all the other necessities provided. Situated on the islands, peninsula or their capes, as well as on hills above the bay, the significance of these forts is even greater due to the inaccessibility of the terrain. Nowadays, some of them are approachable only by small and narrow hiking trails.

The most important Austro-Hungarian fortresses around Boka Kotorska bay are:

  • Mamula
  • Arza
  • Sveti Andrija
  • Goražda
  • Grabovac
  • Vrmac
  • Trašte
  • Crkvice

Much older fortresses in Boka Kotorska bay are:

  • San Giovanni
  • Forte Mare
  • Kanli Kula
  • Španjola

Perast

A tiny old town of Perast, a couple of kilometers far from Kotor is the prettiest place in Montenegro. This charming town has just one street, a small square and less than 300 inhabitants which makes it perfect for the escape from big city hustle.
At the heart of the town, built on the square is St. Nicholas Church, surrounded by palm trees and bronze monuments, inviting to sit on the bench and just enjoy the moment.
There are two islands close to Perast that add to the charm of the place - Our Lady of the Rocks and St. George.
Our Lady of the Rocks particularly interesting for two reasons - it is the only artificially-built island in the Adriatic and its foundation is carried in legends. Our recommendation is to take a boat trip to this islet and learn about it’s magic.

Herceg Novi

Located at the entrance of the Boka Bay, Herceg Novi is not extremely attractive to tourists, but it’s still beautiful! Its history was built under Venetian, Spanish, Turkish and Austrian influence, and you can sense its richness just by walking around. The city itself has 6 fortifications from these different periods: Citadela, Forte Mare, Tora, Kanli Kula, Sat Kula and Španjola, all with a story to tell.
You can wander through small plazas and staircases from the old town to the seaside and then take a walk at the pedestrian-only promenade. At the western end of it you’ll see a small town of Igalo, famous for its healing muddy treatments.
From the city you can take the boat to visit the nearby Mamula Fortress, a former prison on an island which is now uninhabited, or get to the Blue Cave and enjoy swimming and diving in crystal clean waters surrounding it.

Roman Mosaics

Seaside town of Risan used to be a the Ilirian metropolis and a city of value to the Roman Empire in centuries before Christ. Its significance is visible in remains from the Roman period, preserved until today in a form of Roman villa, better known as Roman mosaics.
Being one of the most precious monuments of culture in Montenegro and whole Europe, these mosaics are a must see for all the culture and history lovers. If you consider yourself one of them, you’ll appreciate seeing geometric and floral shapes made out of precious rocks built in various mosaics and unique mythology motifs laid out on the floor.
Risan is easily reachable by busses from all the nearby cities, and can be combined to your trip to Perast, which is only a couple of kilometers away from this city/historical monument.

Lipci prehistoric drawings

About 2 km from Risan lies an archeological treasure – Lipci cliff. This place is special because this natural amphitheater formed from rocks contains the most extensive prehistoric drawings in Balkan area. The paintings, created in the 8th century BC show simple geometric patterns, people in movement, hunting scenes and some wild animals.
The only thing you should be careful about is the road to Lipci - it not in a very good shape and you might find it hard to orientate, so follow the marks carefully.

Carnivals, traditions and celebrations

Celebrations organized in cities of Boka Bay give this area additional value, and are an experience you shouldn’t miss if you happen to be in Montenegro in specific times of the year.
The most famous among them is Kotor Carnival. Tradition of fešta (celebration) under masks from Venetian period has been preserved until today, and each February you can enjoy in two weeks of parades and performances on the streets of Kotor.
Also in February, Herceg Novi hosts an interesting event – Mimosa Festival. This month-long celebration is dedicated to this beautiful yellow flower. You can expect a lot of music, traditional dances and plenty of food.
Each July in a traditional whole day event in Perast called Fašinada, male descendants of towns families row a convoy of decorated boats loaded with stoned with the aim to deposit it to the Our Lady of the Rocks island. Nowadays, the ritual is followed by a two-day yachting regatta called Fašinada Cup.

Cities

The Boka Kotorska Bay is naturally divided into 4 smaller bays – Herceg Novi, Risan, Kotor, and Tivat. Like pearls, along the coast are beautiful small cities, rich in history and culture: Kotor, Perast, Risan, Herceg-Novi and Tivat.

Kotor

The old Mediterranean port of Kotor is surrounded by an impressive city wall built by the Republic of Venice and Venetian influence remains predominant in the city's architecture. In recent years, Kotor has seen a steady increase in tourists, attracted by both the natural beauty of the Gulf of Kotor and the old town of Kotor itself.
The culturo-historical region of Kotor has exerted considerable influence, over a span of time and within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture and human settlement. Kotor and its neighbours were main bridgeheads of Venice on the southern Adriatic coast. Its art, goldsmithing and architecture schools had a profound and durable influence on the arts of the coast. It is among the most characteristic examples of a type of structure representing important cultural, social and artistic values. It is considered to possess outstanding universal value by the quality of its architecture, the successful integration of its cities to the Gulf of Kotor and by its unique testimony to the exceptionally important role that it played in the diffusion of Mediterranean culture in the Balkan lands.
Founded by the Romans on the Adriatic coast in Montenegro, Kotor developed in the Middle Ages into an important commercial and artistic centre with its own famous schools of masonry and iconography. Throughout the centuries, many empires battled for control of the city. In the 10th century, it was an autonomous city of the Byzantine Empire. From 1186 to 1371, it was a free city of medieval Serbia. It was under Venetian and Hungarian control for brief periods, an independent republic from 1395 to 1420, and then returned to Venetian control once again. French occupation from 1807 to 1914 was followed by Austrian rule until 1918, when Kotor finally became part of Yugoslavia. Throughout its turbulent history, a variety of buildings have been erected. The largest and most impressive of these is the St Tryphon Cathedral. The original church was constructed in the 8th century, according to the annals of the Byzantine Emperor. A new church, built in 1166, was subsequently damaged during the 1667 earthquake and then restored.
The limits of the World Heritage site coincide approximately with the crests of the natural sinkhole formation. At both ends, the site is bordered by the national parks of Orten and Lovcen, making a vast protected natural area. The Gulf of Tivat (formerly part of the approaches to Kotor) is omitted because of the authenticity of its settlements, which has been downgraded by recent industrialization (shipyards, harbour equipment).

Herceg Novi

Herceg Novi is a coastal town in Montenegro located at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor and at the foot of Mount Orjen. It is the administrative center of the Herceg Novi Municipality with around 33,000 inhabitants. Herceg Novi was known as Castelnuovo ("New castle" in Italian). Herceg Novi has had a turbulent past, despite being one of the youngest settlements on the Adriatic. A history of varied occupations has created a blend of diverse and picturesque architectural style in the city.

Herceg Novi is a major Montenegrin tourist destination. It is well known as a spa and health center; nearby Igalo has an abundance of healing sea mud called "igaljsko blato" ("Igalo mud") and mineral water springs called "igaljske slatine" (Igalo water springs). The most famous tourist attractions in Herceg Novi are castle Forte Mare built by the Bosnian king Tvrtko I in 1382, a clock tower built by Austrians in 19th century, the Kanli tower built by Turks, and the Serbian church St. Michael Archangel in central Belavista Square.

Whilst the city itself is not a major destination for sunbathing, with no long sandy beaches along the rest of the Boka Kotorska bay, many beaches are reachable by boat. Tourist companies organise one-day boat trips to Lustica peninsula, which lies opposite to the town. Popular Lustica peninsula beach sites include Zanjic, Miriste and Rose.

Tivat

Tivat nestles in the heart of Boka Bay, with its wonderful coastline with many beaches, coves, harbors, and in the great part undiscovered with very attractive hinterland. The rich archaeological findings and cultural and historic heritage testify of its early beginnings. Various cultural programs, popular festivities and sports events have become synonymous with the town. Thus, its special features are its people, hospitable and open for all curious guests coming in good faith. And our visitors with pleasure return, some for the sake of the well-preserved coastal setting and some for the sake of the atmosphere of hospitality and relaxation.

Porto Montenegro project is the construction of settlements around the marina and the home port for yachts with great perspectives designed to meet the sophisticated needs of all the yachts, their owners, guests and crew, with the additional infrastructure for the largest yachts. The main investor of the project is a Canadian businessman Peter Munk, founder of Barrick Gold Corporation. Other investors are Lord Jacob Rothschild, Nathaniel Rothschild, Bernard Arnault, Sandor Demjan and Anthony Munk.

Perast

The Boka Bay (Boka Kotorska) cuts deeply into the coastline of the southern part of the Adriatic, creating four spectacular bays ringed in mountains, the “fjords” of the Mediterranean. The little town of Perast is situated at the foot of St. Elijah Hill (873 m), at the opposite of the narrow Verige strait, where the innermost bays of Risan and Kotor converge. This easternmost shore was the earliest inhabited area in the Boka. The remains of a Neolithic culture (3500 BC) have been discovered in the caves of Spila above Perast and various archeological finds provide evidence of civilization dating from Illyrian, Roman and early Christian periods.

With two front jewel-like islands, Perast is focused on the sea. From the interaction between mainland and bay, the inherent contrast of stone and water, the dialogue of island and wave, sometimes in harmony but often in conflict, this sea-faring town has derived its unity, strength and sense of purpose. Despite its size, a sophisticated urban structure has arisen, demonstrated by the proportion, scale, massing and rhythm of the great number of public buildings, especially along the waterfront.